Arunachal Pradesh is a state in the far northeast of India. It borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south, and shares international borders with Burma in the east, Bhutan in the west, and the China in the north. Arunachal Pradesh attained its statehood on 20th February 1987. It covers an area of 83743 sq. kms. Arunachal is the largest state area-wise in the north-east region. It is situated between latitude 26° 30' N and 29° 30 ' N and longitude 91° 30' E and 97° 30' E. Itanagar is the capital of Arunachal Pradesh.
The state shares a total of 1630 kms of international boundary with neighboring countries; 1030 kms with China, 160 kms with Bhutan and 440 kms with Myammar. The McMohan line defines the international boundary between India and China. Administratively, the State is divided into fifteen districts.
The population of Arunachal is 1,091,117 according to 2001 census. It has over 12 towns and 3649 villages. The State has the lowest density of 13 persons per sq. km.
Arunachal Pradesh has a rich tradition of folk music. Even villages have been named after classical ragas. In Dadri tehsil, several villages have names related to well known ragas. The sixth Dalai Lama was born in the soil of Arunachal Pradesh and the 13th found refuge and safety here.
The people of the state can be divided into three cultural groups on the basis of their socio-religious affinities. The Monpas and Sherdukpens of Tawang and West Kameng districts follow the Lamaistic tradition of Mahayana Buddhism. Noted for their religious fervour, the villages of these communities have richly decorated Buddhist temples, locally called 'Gompas'. The second group of the people are Adis, Akas, Apatanis, Bangnis, Nishis, Mishmis, Mijis, Thongsas etc., who worship Sun and Moon God namely, Donyi-Polo and Abo-Tani. The third group comprises Noctes and Wanchos,adjoining Nagaland in the Tirap District. These are hardy people known for their strictly structured village society in which hereditary village chief still plays a vital role. The Noctes also practise elementary form of Vaishnavism.
Nearest Airport Lilabari (North Lakhimpur) is situated in Assam, 57 kms from Naharlagun and 67 kms from the capital, Itanagar. The nearest railway station is Harmuty (near Banderdewa check gate) in Assam only 23 km from Naharlagun & 33 km from Itanagar. Arunachal Pradesh State Transport Corporation operates regular bus-services to various places in Arunachal Pradesh and its neighbouring states.
The main destinations of Arunachal Pradesh is Tawang, Bomdila, Tipi, Itanagar, Ziro, Daporijo, Along, Mechuka, Pasighat, Roing, Anini, Tezu, Hayuliang, Parsuramkund, Namsai, Miao and Changlang. The climate of state changes with the altitude. The southern part has hot and humid sub-tropical climate. The central part is cooler and there is alpine climate in the higher altitudes. Rainfall is uneven and continues throughout the year.