Bhiwani is a district in the state of Haryana.
Bhiwani district is one of the districts of the state of Haryana. It came into existence on July 22nd, 1972 and is named after the Administrative city Bhiwani. Bhiwani city finds mention in Ain-e-Akbari. It was founded by the Rajput name Neem after his wife named Bhani. The Bhani word letterchanged to Bhiyani and subsequently to Bhiwani. Bhiwani has been a prominent center of commerce since time of Mughals. Bhiwani is also known for its temples and is called as Small Khashi of India because of numerous temples. Gauri Shankar temple of Bhiwani is known throughout the country. Bhiwani has 442 villages, with main towns being Charkhi Dadri, Loharu, Bawani Khera and Tosham. The total area of Bhiwani district is 5,099 sq kms and its population is 14,24,000.
District Bhiwani is situated between 28.19 deg. & 29.05 deg. north latitude and 75.26 deg. and 76.28 deg. east Longitude. The Bhiwani district is surrounded by Hissar district on its north, some area of Jhunjunu & Churu district of Rajasthan on its west , Mahendergarh and Jhunjunu district on its south and district Rohtak on east. It is 124 kilometers from Delhi and 285 kilometers from Chandigarh.
There are a number of stories regarding the name 'Ambala'. According to one, Ambala District has been founded by Amba Rajput during the 14th century AD. Another version is that the name is a corruption of Amba Wala or the mango-village judging from mango groves that existed in its immediate neighborhood. Still another version is that the District has taken its name after goddess "Bhawani Amba" whose Temple still exist in Ambala city.
Naurangabad Mound is situated near Naurangabad village, about 10 km from Bhiwani town. It covers an area of about 58 acres. Owing to its archeological importance, Naurangabad Mound was taken over by the government in 1985 and was handed over to Archeological Department. The excavations done here in 2001 revealed artifacts such as coins, coin moulds, statues, design of houses, tools and toys, most of them dating back to 2,500 years. The coins during the period of the Youdheyas bear the seals of religious figures. According to archeologists, here existed a town during the Kushan, Gupta and Youdheya periods till 300 BC. Ruins of houses made of mud bricks and baked bricks, apart from the walls of about 18 to 24 inches and floors lined with baked bricks, were identified from here. The antiquities revealed from the site are displayed in Archaeological Museum of Gurukul, Jhajjar.