Hyderabad district in its present shape has come into existence in August, 1978 consequent on formation of a new District, Ranga Reddy from the erstwhile Hyderabad District. All the rural areas of erst-while Hyderabad District have been included in Ranga Reddy District, while thearea of Muncipal Corporation of Hyderabad (Exclding a small part), Secunderabad Cantonment, Lalaguda and Osmania University are included in Hyderabad District. There are 66 villages in the District and they are grouped into erstwhile talukas, Viz., Charminar, Golconda, Musheerabad and Secunderabad.
The State capital being in this District, it is highly developed in all aspects. With a view to bringing up the administration to the door steps of the people to solve their problems upliftment of the people, the Government as a policy took a decision to restructure the Lower level administrative set-up in the state consequently, Revenue Mandal were setup.
Hyderabad is the 5th largest city in India. It has twin cities Viz., Hyderabad and Secunderabad with its suburbs extending upto 16 miles. The Hyderabad city is situated in 1o 11’ of the Northern Longitude and 78o 27’ of the Eastern Longitude. 1778’ above MSL and on grey and Pink Granites among the world’s oldest. The highest point in the city is Banjara Hills, 2206’ above MSL. The contour level falls gradually from west to east creating almost a through near the Musi River which runs through the city. This natural feature has facilitated water supply by gravity.
The climate of the city is fairy equitable. However, of late, citizen are experiencing aręte climate, which seems to be a common factor for all metropolitan cities in the country. The normal rain fall of the Dist. Is 786.8mm and against that the actual rain in 2002-03 is 614.7mm. South west mon-soon period is 472.0mm. North East Mon-Soon period is 96.5mm. Winter period is 7.5mm and hot weather period is 38.7mm.
The total population of the district according to 2001 Census is 38,29,753which is purely urbanized. The decennial growth rate (1991-2001) is 21.74 percent against the growth rate of 14.59 percent for the state. The density of population in the district is 19,149. The sex ratio in the district is 945 females per 1000 males among the total population only. The population consists of 29.24 percent Total workers.A large percentage of people are living by Non-agricultural occupation covering mostly urban trades, construction and industrial fields.
Education facilities in the district are largely improved. There are 1298 Primary, 482 Upper Primary Schools, 849 High Schools, 254 Junior Colleges, 164 Degree Colleges, 12 Post-Graduate Colleges functioning in the district during 2002-03. Besides this, there are 7 Medical Colleges and 11 Engineering Colleges functioning in the district. There are 6 Universities in this district and there are: 1. Osmania University 2. J.N.T. University 3. A.P. Agriculture University 4. Dr.B.R.Ambedkar Open University 5. Hyderabad Central University and 6. Potti Sri Ramulu Telugu University