1971 - The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 began as Pakistan attacks nine Indian airbases. The next day India launched a massive invasion of East Pakistan.
1826 - Acharya Rajendrasuri was born in Bharatpur, Rajasthan. He was one of the major Svetambara Jain reformer of the 18th and 19th centuries. He wrote many books on Jainism, the most famous being the Abhidhanarajaindrakosa, which is the only available encyclopedia of Prakrit, Sanskrit, and Pali words used in Jain works.
1827 - Acharya Rajendrasuri was born at Bharatpur, Rajasthan. He was one of the major Svetambara Jain reformer. In 1880 as the leader of the Tapa Gaccha, he led a movement to restore the orders of wandering monks, leading to near extinction of the Yati institution.
1884 - Rajendra Prasad was born. He was the first President of India. He also served as the president of the Constituent Assembly. He is the only president to have been elected twice for the office.
1894 - Deiva Zivarattinam was born. He represented Pondicherry in the French Constituent Assembly election in 1945.
2011 - Dev Anand (Dharam Dev Pishorimal Anand) died at the age of 88 in London. He was legendary Bollywood film actor, writer, director and producer. He received Padma Bhushan and Dadasaheb Phalke Award.