1968 - 42 Dalits were burned alive in Kilavenmani village, Tamil Nadu, a retaliation for a campaign for higher wages by Dalit labourers.
1872 - Sir Ganganath Jha was born. He was a scholar of Sanskrit, Indian Philosophy and Buddhist Philosophy.
1876 - Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born. He was a lawyer, politician and statesman, and the founder of Pakistan. He was the leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan's independence and Pakistan's first Governor-General.
1919 - Bollywood music director Naushad Ali was born in Lucknow. He received Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1982 and the Padma Bhushan in 1992.
1924 - Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born in Gwalior. He was the 10th Prime Minister of India, first for 13 days in 1996, then from 1998 to 2004, and third time from 1999 to 2004. A leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), he is the only Prime Minister from outside the Indian National Congress to serve a full five-year term.
1927 - Sarangi player Pandit Ram Narayan was born in Udaipur, Mewar, British India. He popularised the bowed instrument sarangi as a solo concert instrument in Hindustani classical music. He received Padma Vibhushan in 2005.
1936 - Indian-born film Hollywood producer and director Ismail Merchant was born in Bombay. He was partner in Merchant Ivory Productions, a Hollywood production company. He received Padma Bhushan Award in 2002.
1968 - Madan Mohan Malaviya was born in Allahabad. He was an educationist and freedom fighter. He was the President of the Indian National Congress on four occasions. He is the founder of the largest residential university in Asia, Banaras Hindu University (BHU) at Varanasi in 1916.
1974 - Heroine Nagma (born as Nandita Morarji) was born in Mumbai. She was one of the top heroines in Telugu and Tamil films in 1990s. She has acted in Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam, Kannada, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Punjabi, and Marathi films.
1982 - Bengali film actor Dev (Deepak Adhikari) was born in Mumbai. He is one of the biggest superstar and highest paid actor in Tollywood (Bengali film industry).
1972 - Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (Rajaji or C. Rajagopalachari) died. He was a lawyer, freedom fighter, politician, and writer. He was the last Governor-General of India. He also held the positions of Premier of the Madras Presidency, Governor of West Bengal, Minister for Home Affairs and Chief Minister of Madras state. He was awarded Bharat Ratna.
1990 - Chandrakant T. Patel died. He was a cotton scientist who developed the world's first ever commercial cotton hybrid, known as Hybrid-4 (Sankar-4), in 1970, which was later cultivated commercially in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra.
1994 - Former President Giani Zail Singh was died in Chandigarh aged 78. He was the seventh President of India (1982 to 1987). He also had held the positions Minister of Home Affairs and Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement.
2007 - G.P. Sippy (Gopaldas Parmanand Sippy) died. He was a Bollywood movie producer and director. He has made many super hit Bollywood movies including Sholay. He won the Filmfare Award in 1968 and 1982.