The Madras Province Swarajya Party was established under the leadership of S. Sathyamurthy and S. Srinivasa Iyengar.
January 1 - Swarajist Party formed by Motilal Nehru and others.
March 10 - Maj-General Ranjit Lal Jetley was born. He is a retired soldier and scientist. He served in World War II and the 1947 Indo-Pakistani War. His innovations include an 105 mm light field gun and upgunning of the Sherman tanks.
March 21 - Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi (Nirmala Srivastava) was born. She was the founder of Sahaja Yoga, a meditation technique and new religious movement. Sahaja Yoga is practiced and taught for free in over 140 countries.
May 14 - Mrinal Sen was born. He is a Bengali filmmaker. He made many award winning films. He received Dada Saheb Phalke Award.
May 28 - Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (NTR) was born in Nimmakuru, Madras Presidency, British India. He was a legendary Telugu film hero. He was also a director, producer, and politician who served as the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh for three terms. He received Padma Sri.
July 9 - Kovilan (Kandanisseri Vattomparambil Velappan Ayyappan) was born. He was a Malayalam language novelist. He received Kerala Sahitya Academy award, Kendra Sahitya Academy award, Ezhuthachan Puraskaram, and Sahitya Academy Membership.
July 22 - Mukesh (Mukesh Chand Mathur) was born. He was a legendary Bollywood playback singer. He has rendered many super hit Hindi film songs.
July 28 - Harris Sam Sahayam Lawrence was born. He was the Special Officer for restructuring Educational Pattern in Tamil Nadu and as Director of School Education, he planned and implemented the All India 10+2+3 pattern of education in 1978. He was conferred the title of "Father of Vocational Education in Tamilnadu".
September 1 - Habib Tanvir was born. He was a famous Urdu, Hindi theatre director, poet and actor. He is the writer of famous plays such as Agra Bazar and Charandas Chor.
September 26 - Dev Anand (Dharam Dev Pishorimal Anand) was born. He was legendary Bollywood film actor, writer, director and producer. He received Padma Bhushan and Dadasaheb Phalke Award.
October 26 - Ram Prakash Gupta was born in Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh. He was the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and governor of Madhya Pradesh. He was a leader of Bharatiya Janata Party.
December 24 - Satyananda Saraswati was born. He was a yoga teacher and spiritual guru. He founded the International Yoga Fellowship and the Bihar School of Yoga. He wrote Asana Pranayama Mudra Bandha, which is one of the most systematic yoga manuals.