April - Mahatma Gandhi launched the Champaran campaign in Bihar to focus attention on the grievances of indigo planters.
August 20 - The secretary of state for India made the announcement that British policy in India calls for the gradual development of self-governing institutions and the progressive realization of responsible government.
Ganapathi Venkatrama Iyer (G. V. Iyer) was born. He was a famous film director and actor. He was nicknamed Kannada Bheeshma. He was the only person who made movies in Sanskrit. He made Adi Shankaracharya which won four National Film Awards.
Ram Nath Kak was born. He was a Kashmiri veterinarian whose autobiography Autumn Leaves is one of the most vivid portraits of life in 20th century Kashmir and has become a sort of a classic.
Chandrakant T. Patel was born. He was a cotton scientist who developed the world's first ever commercial cotton hybrid, known as Hybrid-4 (Sankar-4), in 1970, which was later cultivated commercially in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra.
January 17 - MGR (Marudhur Gopalan Ramachandran) was born in Kandy, Sri Lanka. He was a film actor, director, producer, and politician who served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for three terms. MGR was posthumously honoured with the Bharat Ratna.
February 11 - T. Nagi Reddy (Tarimala Nagi Reddy) was born. He was a communist politician from Andhra Pradesh. He was elected to the Lok Sabha from Anantapur in 1957. He was also MLA in Andhra Pradesh Assembly.
November 19 - Indira Gandhi (Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi) was born. She was the third Prime Minister of India. She was elected a record four terms as Prime Minister.
December 29 - Film director Ramanand Sagar (Chandramauli Chopra) was born Lahore, Punjab, British India. He is known for making the popular Ramayan television series.
June 30 - Dadabhai Naoroji died at the age of 91. He was known as the Grand Old Man of India. He was a Parsi intellectual, educator, cotton trader, and political and social leader. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) in the United Kingdom House of Commons between 1892 and 1895.