Indian National Congress Party hammer out an alliance - the Lucknow Pact - with Muslim League.
Benaras Hindu University was founded.
April 28 - Bal Gangadhar Tilak founds Indian Home Rule League with its headquarters at Poona.
September 25 - Another Home Rule League started by Annie Besant. (first being started by Bal Gangadhar Tilak)
January 22 - Shri Harilal Upadhyay was born. He is a Gujarati author, considered as one of the all-time great authors in the Gujarati language. He wrote historical novels, social novels, short story collections, biographies, the great Mahabharat series, children's literature, poems and Plays.
February 13 - Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora was born. He was the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GOC-in-C) of the Eastern Command of the Indian Army during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. He led the ground forces campaign in the Eastern front of the war, which led to an overwhelming defeat of the Pakistan Army and the creation of Bangladesh.
March 23 - Harkishan Singh Surjeet was born. He was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) from 1992 to 2005 and was a member of the party's Political Bureau from 1964 to 2008.
April 22 - Kanan Devi was born. She was an actress and singer in Howrah, West Bengal. She is considered as the first star of Bengali Cinema. She received Padma Shree and Dadasaheb Phalke Awards.
May 8 - Chinmayananda Saraswati (known as Swami Chinmayananda and born Balakrishna Menon) was born. He was a spiritual leader and teacher who inspired the formation of Chinmaya Mission in 1953 to spread the message of Vedanta.
May 21 - Ustad Bismillah Khan was born in Dumraon, Bihar. He was a musician who popularised the shehnai. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 2001.
September 16 - M. S. Subbulakshmi (Madurai Shanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi was born in Madurai, Tamil Nadu. She is classical and semi-classical singer. She received Padma Bhushan, Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, Ramon Magsaysay award, Padma Vibhushan and Bharat Ratna.