Paul Olaf Bodding completed the translation of the Bible into the Santali language. He was a Norwegian missionary, linguist and folklorist.
Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa.
June 16 - Bal Gangadhar Tilak was released from jail.
August - India as the British colony sent troops to Europe to participate as the British fighting partner in World War I against Germany. In October they participated in the First Battle of Ypres.
August 4 - Outbreak of the First World War.
September 29 - Komagatamaru ship (Guru Nanak Jahaz) reached Vancouver seeking to enter Canada.
November 1 - Ghadar Party formed at San Francisco. It was an organization founded by Punjabi Indians in the United States and Canada with the aim to liberate India from British rule.
Rev. Dr. Matthew Pothen Thekaekara was born in Changanacherry, Kerala. He was a scientist and author of many books and papers relating to spectrophotometry and the solar constant besides works on theology.
January 2 - Noor Inayat Khan (also known as Nora Baker and Madeleine) was born in Moscow, Russian Empire. She was of Indian Muslim origin. As a British Special Operations Executive agent during the Second World War, she became the first female radio operator to be sent into occupied France to aid the French Resistance.
April 3 - Field Marshal Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw (Sam Bahadur) was born. He was the Field Marshal of the Indian Army. He was awaraded Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Military Cross.
April 22 - Baldev Raj Chopra (B.R. Chopra) was born. He was a director and producer of Bollywood films and television serials. He was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award. He is the elder brother of Yash Chopra.
June 7 - Khwaja Ahmad Abbas (popularly known as K. A. Abbas) was born at Panipat, Haryana. He was a film director, novelist, screenwriter, and a journalist in the Urdu, Hindi and English languages.
July 8 - Jyoti Basu was born in Calcutta. He was a Bengali politician belonging to the Communist Party of India (Marxist) who served as the Chief Minister of West Bengal from 1977 to 2000, making him the longest-serving Chief Minister of any state of India.
October 14 - G.P. Sippy (Gopaldas Parmanand Sippy) was born. He was a Bollywood movie producer and director. He has made many super hit Bollywood movies including Sholay. He won the Filmfare Award in 1968 and 1982.
October 24 - Lakshmi Sahgal was born in Madras. She was a freedom fighter, an officer of the Indian National Army, and the Minister of Women's Affairs in the Azad Hind government.
December 26 - Baba Amte (Dr. Murlidhar Devidas Amte) was born in the town of Hinganghat in Wardha District of Maharashtra. He was a social worker and social activist who worked for the rehabilitation of poor people suffering from leprosy.