Delhi became the new capital of India
Muslim Indian doctors and nurses were sent to join the Red Crescent organization established in 1912 to provide medical aid for Turkish troops in the Balkan war of 1912.
India introduced registration of motor vehicles.
The construction of New Delhi was started. The British Viceroy made Sir Edwin Lutyens responsible for the overall plan of Delhi and in 1912 he visited New Delhi to start his work.
Bihar and Orissa provinces were carved out as a separate province from the British Raj.
Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai wrote the biography of Karl Marx (1912) in Malayalam. This was the first Marx biography in any Indian language.
The Mohammedans team started to participate in cricket matches with the teams of Europeans, Parsees, and Hindu.
February 14 - King of Britain George V gave a speech in the British Parliament about his visit to the imperial colonies and expressed his trust to India people and government he saw during his visit to India in 1911.
March - Lala Har Dayal wrote an article for Modern Review entitled "Marx: A Modern Rishi", which is believed to be the first Indian article on Marx.
December 18 - The India National (Missionary) Conference convened (December 18-21) in Calcutta. One of its principal conclusions recognized the need for good Christian literature in India.
December 23 - Bomb thrown on Lord Hardinge on his state entry into Delhi.
December 29 - Vedanayakam Samuel Azariah became the first Anglican bishop in India. He was consecrated in St. Paul's Cathedral, Calcutta.
Shankara Ram. M. Varadarajan was born. He was a Tamil novelist.
February 27 - Lawrence George Durrell was born in Jalandar. He was an expatriate British novelist, poet, dramatist, and travel writer. His most famous work is the tetralogy the Alexandria Quartet.
April 27 - Zohra Sehgal was born. She is a stage and film actress. She acted in Hindi films and English films and television series. She received Padma Shri, Kalidas Samman, Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship and Padma Vibhushan.
July 3 - Hans Raj Khanna was born in Amritsar. He was a judge of the Supreme Court of India from 1971 to 1977. Two of his judgements form the basis of modern constitutional law, decades after they were delivered.
August 15 - Ustad Amir Khan was born. He was a classical vocalist. He is considered one of the most famous figure in Hindustani classical music, and the founder of the Indore Gharana.
August 21 - Sawai Man Singh II (Mor Mukut Singh) was born. He was the last ruling Maharaja of Jaipur State belonging to Kachwaha clan of Rajputs. He ruled the princely state between 1922 and 1949, when the state acceded unto the Dominion of India. Later he also served as Ambassador of India to Spain.
September 15 - Rustom Khurshedji Karanjia was born in Quetta (now in Pakistan). He was a journalist and editor. He was founder and owner editor of Blitz a tabloid weekly published from Mumbai.
October 25 - Madurai Mani Iyer was born in Madurai. He was a Carnatic music singer, who was famous for his unique style. He was famous for his adept skills at singing kalpana swarams, neraval, and raga alapana.
Hafeez Jaunpuri (Haafiz Muhammed Ali) died. He was a poet.
Rev. Thomas Walker died. He was a chief spokesperson of Keswick Convention.
Theodore L. Pennell died. He was a medical missionary in India.