The decision of Partition of Bengal was announced in July 1905 by the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon. The partition took effect in October 1905. It separated the largely Muslim eastern areas from the largely Hindu western areas.
Chittorgarh fort was refurbished. It was looted and destroyed by Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1568 and subsequently never resettled.
April 4 - 1905 Kangra earthquake occurred in the Kangra Valley and the Kangra region of Himachal Pradesh of 7.8 magnitude causing death of more than 20,000 people. Many buildings in towns of Kangra, Mcleodganj and Dharamshala were destroyed.
Rashid Jahan was born in Aligarh. She was a writer who started a new era of Urdu literature written by women. She wrote short-stories and plays.
January 2 - Jainendra Kumar was born in Kodiyaganj, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. He was a prominent Hindi writer of 20th century. He was awarded Padma Bhushan and Sahitya Akademi Award and the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship.
January 16 - Dr. Manubhai P. Vaidya was born. He was an educationist and recipient of Best Teacher Award from Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, The President of India.
March 18 - Malati Vishram (Balutai Khare) Bedekar was born. She was a Marathi writer. She was the first prominent feminist writer in Marathi literature.
May 10 - Pankaj Kumar Mullick was born in Calcutta. He was a Bengali music director who also worked for Hindi films at the start of playback singing. He was honoured with Padma Shri and Dadasaheb Phalke Award.
August 29 - Dhyan Chand was born in Allahabad, United Provinces, British India. He was field hockey player who played for India and widely regarded as the greatest player of all time. He was in the India team that won three Olympic gold medals. Chand's birthday is celebrated as National Sports Day in India. He received Padma Bushan.
September 9 - Brahmarishi Hussain Sha was born Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh. He was the seventh head of Sri Viswa Viznana Vidya Adhyatmika Peetham in Pithapuram. He succeeded his father, Kavisekhara Dr Umar Alisha Sathguru. He was a scholar in Telugu, Arabic, Urdu, Persian and Sanskrit.
December 12 - Mulk Raj Anand was born in Peshawar, British India. He was a writer in English, notable for his depiction of the lives of the poorer castes in traditional Indian society. He was honoured with Sahitya Akademi Award and Padma Bhushan.
January 19 - Devendranath Tagore died at the age of 87 in Calcutta. He was a Hindu philosopher and religious reformer, active in the Brahmo Samaj. He was one of the founders of the Brahmo Religion.