Bal Gangadhar Tilak began agitation for Indian home Rule.
February 4 - Stephen Hector Taylor-Smith was born. He was a rocket scientist who developed techniques in delivering mail by rocket. He was the most innovative of the early rocket pioneers.
April 14 - Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born. He was a jurist, political leader, philosopher, anthropologist, historian, orator, economist, teacher, editor, writer, revolutionary and a revivalist for Buddhism in India. He was the chief architect of the Indian Constitution.
November 14 - Birbal Sahni was born. He was a paleobotanist who studied the fossils of the Indian subcontinent. He was also a geologist who took an interest in archaeology. He founded the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany in Lucknow.