The last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah II was deposed by the British and exiled to Rangoon in Burma
March - British troops retook Lucknow during The First War of Indian Independence.
June 20 - The last rebels of the Indian Mutiny (First War of Indian Independence) surrendered in Gwalior.
July 8 - Peace treaty to end the Indian Rebellion (First War of Indian Independence of 1857) took place.
July 28 - British officer William James Herschel used the hand impression of Rajyadhar Konai as a contract fingerprint signature in Bengal.
August 2 - The Government of India Act, passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, transferred the territories of the British East India Company and their administration to the direct rule of the British Crown, through a Secretary of State for India.
November 30 - Acharya Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose was born in Bikrampur, Bengal Presidency, British India. He was a physicist, biologist, botanist, archaeologist, as well as an early writer of science fiction.
June 18 - Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi died at Gwalior fighting with the British. She was the queen of the Maratha-ruled princely state of Jhansi. She was a famous freedom fighter who took part in First War of Independence in 1857.