British troops massacred the Indian troops stationed in Varanasi and the population of the city during the early stages of the First War of Independence.
January 24 - University of Calcutta was founded through the Calcutta University Act.
May 10 - First War of Independence began with revolt of Sepoys of Meerut.
May 10 - The 3rd Light Cavalry of the British East India Company's army rebelled against its British officers, thus beginning the The First War Of Indian Independence.
May 10 - The First War Of Indian Independence was started with widespread uprising in northern and central India against the rule of the British East India Company.
May 11 - Indian combatants capture Delhi from the East India Company.
July 1 - Siege of Lucknow began. The Siege of Lucknow was the prolonged defence of the Residency within the city of Lucknow during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
July 15 - The second massacre at Kanpur took place during the The First War Of Indian Independence.
September 20 - British forces recaptured Delhi resulting in the surrender of Bahadur Shah II, the last Mughal emperor.
November 27 - Siege of Lucknow ended. The Siege of Lucknow was the prolonged defence of the Residency within the city of Lucknow during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
March 13 - William Pitt Amherst died. He was Governor-General of India between 1823 and 1828.