Legal protection of widow remarriage was extended in India.
St. Paul's School, Belgaum was founded by the Jesuits in Belgaum, Karnataka.
General Alexander Cunningham (who later became director general of the archeological survey of northern India) visited Harappa. British engineers John and William Brunton were laying the East Indian Railway Company line connecting the cities of Karachi and Lahore at that time.
February 7 - The nawab of Oudh (Wajid Ali Shah) was exiled to Metiabruz and the state was annexed by the British East India Company.
March - Great Trigonometric Survey of India officially gave Peak XV (later to be named Mount Everest) the height of 8,840 m. Peak IX (Kangchenjunga), previously thought to be the world's highest, was confirmed as 8,582 m.
July 16 - Ishwar Chand Vidyasagar, on the request of Governor Lord Canning, instituted a law announcing the right of Hindu widows for re-marriage.
March 4 - Toru Dutt was born. She was a poet who wrote in English.
June 14 - Ahmed Raza Khan Fazil-e-Barelvi (popularly known as Aala Hazrat) was born. He was a Sunni Hanafi scholar whose works influenced the Barelvi movement of South Asia.
July 23 - Lokmanya Tilak (Keshav Gangadhar Tilak) was born Ratnagiri, Maharashtra. He was a nationalist, journalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and freedom fighter.