Samudragupta

Samudragupta was the greatest of the Gupta rulers. He is considered as the greatest warrior in Indian history and is known as "Indian Napoleon". Samudragupta succeeded his father Chandragupta-I. He ruled between 335 A.D. and 375 A.D.

The first few years of Samudragupta's rule included the wars against neighboring kingdoms of Northern and Central India. He defeated Naga kings like Achyuta of Ahichchhata, Nagasena of Mathura and Ganapati Naga of Padmavati. He also defeated the kings of Northern India such as Achyuta, Balvarman, Chandravarman, Ganapatinaga, Matila, Nandin, Nagadata, Nagasena, Rudradeva and other kings. He annexed the kingdoms of Malavas, Abhiras, Aijunayanas, Kakas, Kharaparikas, Mudrakas, Prarjunas, Sanakanikas

In the South India, he defeated kings like Mahendra of Kosala, Vyaghraraja of Mahakantara, Mantaraja of Kaurala, Mahendragiri of Pishtapuram, Svamidatta of Kottura, Damana of Erandapalla, Vishnugopa of Kanchi, Hastivarman of Vengi, Nilaraja of Avamukta, Ugrasena of Palakka, Kuvera of Devarashtra and Dhananjaya of Kushthalapura.

The empire of Samudragupta was comprised of the whole of Northern India excluding Kashmir, Western Punjab and Western Rajputana. His empire extending in North from Himalaya to Narmada river in the South including the ports of Cambay, Bhroach and Sopara in the Western coast and in the East, from the river Brahmaputra to the Arabian sea in west.

After the completion of his conquests, Samudragupta performed the Asvamedha Yanjna or horse sacrifice. Samudragupta issued different types of gold coins. He was succeeded by his son Chandragupta II also known as Vikramaditya.