Rajgarh is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The town of Rajgarh is the administrative headquarters of the district. Rajgarh is located at western part of Madhya Pradesh. It borders the state of Rajasthan, and the districts of Shajapur, Sehore, and Bhopal. It forms the north western part of Bhopal Commissioner's Division. Rajgarh District extends between the parallels of latitude 23027' 12" North and 24017' 20" North and between the meridians of longitude 76011' 15" and 77014' East. It has a quadrangular shape with the northern and western sides longer than the southern and eastern sides, respectively. The zigzag boundaries of the District resemble a pear.
Some of the main Locations are Zirapur, Rajgarh, Biora, Khilchipur, Sarangpur and Narsinghgarh. The district is well connected by Road NH-3 and Railway Network. Major tourist attraction is Narsinghgarh. Newaj and Parbati Rivers flows through the district.
The total geographical area of the District is 6,154 sq.km. with a population of 12,54,085 according to census 2001. It is one of the small districts of Madhya Pradesh, both in respect of area and population. It is 145 KMs from the state capital Bhopal.
Narsinghgarh Town: The town is nearly 300 years old having been founded in 1681 by Dewan Parasram. The beautiful lake in the town in which is reflected the old fort and palace still bears the name of the founder. The town is 83 Kms. from the Bhopal and is reached by a good road. The site of the town is the place of temple of Shiva - then known as Topila Mahadeo, for the persons who lived there manufactured toplis or basket. Hence the name stick. It is however in the autumnal months that the place becomes exceedingly picturesque and beautiful. From the top of the Baijnath Mahadeo temple the pleasant panorama is very appealing, with the lakes of full limpid water, with the land carpeted in lush green grass, with the small streams racing down the slopes of the hills and hills themselves covered with good vegetation and as rustling wind sweeps the murmuring countryside adorned with mellowing crops, radiant in the evening sun, the brilliance of blue skies seems to evenly matched with the grandeur of the green.
Shyamji Sanka Temple-Narsinghgarh: A Sanka is a small village situated near the river Parvati and is about 5Km from Kotra , once its tehsil headquarter of Rajgarh State. Each year in the month of magh a mela is held here and is known as Shyamji-ka-mela.The famous temple of Shyamji was built in the memory of the king Sangram Singh (Shyam Singh) by his wife Bhagyawati in the 16-17th century, the king died in an encounter with a mughal soldier of Haji Wali. The temple is protected by the state govt. . It has beautiful paintings on the wall reflecting the Malwi & Rajashthani effects, the beautiful and well carved stones & bricks were used to construct the temple.
Jalpamata Temple-Rajgarh: A beautiful temple is just 4 Kms. from Rajgarh. It is on the high hill & you can have a picturesque view of the town from the top. It is covered with dense forest having different varieties of plants. The devotee come from different parts in the navratri season.
Dargah Shareif- Rajgarh: A saint HAZRAT SYED. QURBAN ALI SHAH BADAKHSHANI known as "Baba Badakshani R.A." born in 1245 (hijri) at Badakshan & came to India in 1268 (hijri) from Badakhshan of Afganistan and later he came to Rajgarh in 1309 hijri. In the year 1914 A.D. he died on 20th of the holly month of Ramazan of 1334 hijri. Since then his death anniversary is celebrated as "URS" in the month of March from 10-12. People of all communities from all over the India and some of other countries come in to the URS for spiritual gain.
Dargah Shareef, Masjid and other buildings were founded by the Mutawalli of Dargah Shri Syed. Mushtaq Ali Rizvi Sandelvi after the death of Baba Sahib. At present all managements of Dargah Shareef and URS programme is managed by the Present Mutawalli of Dargah Shri Syed. Mushtaq Rizvi.
Chidikho-Narsinghgarh: Wild Life Sancutary of Narsinghgarh is among one of the 35 sancturies of M.P. established in 1978 under Forest Division Rajgarh Social Forestry. Sanctuary is situated on N.H.12 (Jabalpur-Jaipur) 70 Kms from Bhopal, 221 Kms from Indore, 35 Kms from Biaora and 278 Kms from Kota. (Latitude:23035' to 23040' North, Longitude:7702' to 77010' East, Height form Sea Level: 462.07 to 576.08 meter). It is covered 57.197 Sq. Km. (Reserve Forest) area. Due to its natural beauty it is one of the most beautiful place of Rajgarh district, so it is also known as "Kashmir of Malwa" region.
In the center of this sanctuary "Chidikho Lake" is situated which is one of the attraction among the tourists. This sanctuary is built by the rulers of the state and in the ancient time this sanctuary is used for hunting purpose by the rulers. Migratory birds from different places reaches here in this sanctuary. The lake situtated here is having special appearance due to which the local people named this lake as "Chidikho Lake". Here in this sanctuary we can have a glimpse of local birds and migratory birds. State bird Dhoodh Raj is mainly seen here in this sanctuary. National bird peakock is mainly seen in this sanctuary and in nearby areas. The climatic condition is suitable for the national bird peakock. And this sancutary is having a chance to develope as Mayur Park Area of this sanctuary is sufficient for wild animals. 11 GULBAGH, CHEETAL in large number and SAMBHAR, NEELGAI are mainly found. We can see them freely roaming in this sanctuary. Near to "CHIDIKHO LAKE" JAMUN KHO,ANDHIYAR KHO, DHUWALI wild animals can be seen. Work is done for protection and preservation of wild animals.
Biora Mandu-Narsinghgarh: The village is said to be over 1000 years old having been named after a Kulmi patel. The muslim troops used to be stationed here and legend has it , that it was from here that they saw the five sola Khamba at Bihar (Narsinghgarh). It is situated on the bank of Kali Sindh river and 10Km from the Sarangpur tehsil. It was the scene of battle in 1813 & 1847
Kotra-Narsinghgarh: It was once a teshsil of Rajgarh state. It is situated 10 Km from south of Narsinghgarh. It is on the fringe of forest and some old Shikargarh (hunting place) are well laid out.
Khoiry Mahadev Temple-Rajgarh: A beautiful temple of Khoiry Mahadev is just 1 Kms. from Rajgarh. It is one of the favorite picnic spot of the Rajgarh.