Raichur District is a district in the state of Karnataka. The district is bounded by the Krishna River on the north and the Tungabhadra River on the south. The wedge of land between the rivers is known as the Raichur Doab, after the city of Raichur. Bijapur and Gulbarga districts lie to the north across the Krishna River. Bagalkot and Koppal districts lie to the east. Across the Tungabhadra lies Bellary District of Karnataka to the southwest and Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh to the southeast. Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh state lies to the east, and includes the lower portion of the Raichur Doab.
Over the centuries, Raichur became a part of various empires. The Mauryas, Chalukyas, Bahmanis, Vijayanagara and the Mughal Kings, all ruled over Raichur. Endowing it with a rich and varied cultural legacy. The district with the river Tungabadra gracing it has fertile land and boasts of good agricultural Production.
Raichur District is one of few places in India where gold resources are present. Hutti gold mines are situated in Raichur District, around 90km away from Raichur city. All the five talukas mentioned above are very well irrigated, with water from the Tungabhadra Dam on the Tungabhadra River, and Narayanpura dam on the Krishna River. Raichur is known for its paddy fields and its rice is of extremely superior quality.
Among the historical attractions in the district, notable are the Raichur fort, built in 1294, and the nearby town of Anegundi, which has a number of monuments from the Vijayanagara empire, including the Ranganatha temple, Pampa lake and Kamal Mahal.
The thermal power production plant at Shaktinagar in this district provides a large portion of the electricity consumption in Karnataka.