Republic of India is a county in South Asia constituting most of the Indian Subcontinent. It is the largest democratic country in the world. It is second most populous country with more than one billion (100 crores). Indan economy is the fourth largest economy and second fastest growing economy in the world. By geographical area India the seventh largest country. It shares its borders with People's republic of China, Pakistan, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan. Sri Lanka, Maldives, and Indonesia are nearby island nations in the Indian Ocean. Four major religions of the world Hinduism, Budhism, Jainism, and Sikhism are originated in India.
|Name||India, Bharat, and Hindustan||Capital||New Delhi|
|Official language||Hindi, English (+ 21 other officially recognised languages)|
|President||Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam|
|Prime Minister||Dr. Manmohan Singh|
- % water
- Total (2003)
102,70,15,247 (2001 census)
| GDP by PPP
- Total (2005 estimate)
|Independence||August 15, 1947|
|Republic||January 26, 1950|
Currency Code (ISO 4217)
| Indian Rupee
|Time zone||UTC +5.30 (IST)|
|National Flag|| Tiranga (Tricolor)
|National Emblem|| Sarnath Lion
|National anthem||Jana Gana Mana|
|National Motto||Satyameva Jayathe (Truth Always Triumphs)|
|National song||Vande Mataram|
|National animal||Royal Bengal Tiger|
|National calender||Saka (Hindu Calender)|
The official name India is derived from Sindhu (river Indus) and is the most internationally recognisable of the country. Bharat is the other official name of India. Bharat comes from the name of a ancient Hindu king. It is also known as Hindustan meaning land of the Hindus.
India a socialist, secular, sovereign, democratic republic with a bicameral parliament ( Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha). The President is the head of the state. The Prime Minister is the head of the Government.
India is divided into 29 States and 6 Union Territories. States are further divided into Districts. Each State is headed by a Governor and Chief Minister is the head the State Government. Union Territories are governed by administrator appointed by Union Government, though some have elected governments.