Lohit District is the present name derived from one of its principal rivers, the Lohit which rises from the eastern Tibet and enters India in Kibithoo area of the District. In the ancient Indian literature the river is called 'Lauhitya' a name that is associated with the legends of Parasuram which referred in Srimad Bhagavat, Kalikapurana and in the Mahabharata.
The Lohit District is part of Arunachal Pradesh and its district capital Tezu where the Holy place of Brahma Kunda also known as Parasuram Kunda is located. Tezu is at an altitude of 21 deg above MSL. The Lohit District is situated on the North Eastern extremity of Arunachal Pradesh. It lies approx. between the latitudes 27 degree 33' and 29 degree 22'N and the Longitudes 95 degree 15' E and 97 degree 24'E. It has an total area of 11402 Sq. KM.
It has at North-China and part of Dibang Valley District of Arunachal pradesh., at South-Changlang District of Arunachal Pradesh., in the East-China and Burma and in the West-Assam state and a part of Dibang Valley District. On visit to Lohit district, you will find snowy mountains along the international borders, the lower hills deck with dense evergreen forests, innumerable rivers and rivulets. The climate is hot and highly humid in the lower elevations and in the Valleys and mildly cold in the higher elevations. The winter prevails during the months from late November to early March. The period from March to May is the pre-monsoon season. It is followed by monsoon from June to October.
The name of district is derived from the river Lohit that flows through the district. Prior to 1914, the district was a part of Lakhimpur district. By 1914 the North East Frontier Tract was constituted with three political charges and the area covered by this district become a part of the central and Eastern Section which falls under one of the said political charges. In the year 1919, the Central and Eastern Section was renamed as the Sadiya Frontier Tract. In 1943, some area from both the Sadly Frontier Tract and the Lakhimpur Frontier Tract were curved out and Tirap Frontier Tract was formed. In 1948, under the North East Frontier Tracts (Internal Administration) Regulation, 1948, the remaining portion on the Sadiya Frontier Tract was divided into two separate administrative charges, namely the Abor Hills District and the Mishmi Hills District each in the charge of a political Officer with headquarters at Pasighat and Sadiya respectively. In 1951, the plains portion of the Mishmi Hills District was transferred to administrative jurisdiction of the Government of Assam. In 1952, the headquarters of the Mishmi Hills District was shifted fro Sadiya to Tezu. According to the North East Frontier, areas (Administration) Regulation 1954, the North-East Frontier Tract came to be known as North-East Frontier Agency and the Mishmi Hills District was renamed as the Lohit Frontier Division. In 1956, the Dibang Valley was constituted as a separate administrative unit within the division and placed under the charge of Additional Political Officer with his headquarters at Roing which was subsequently shifted to Anini. In 1965, under the North-East Frontier Agency (Administration) Regulation, 1956 the Lohit Frontier Division came to be known by its present name the Lohit District and the Political Officer and Additional Political Officer were redesignated as the Deputy Commissioner and Additional Deputy Commissioner respectively. In June, 1980 under the Arunachal Pradesh (Re-organisation of district), Act 1980 the Lohit District was bifurcated into two independent district namely Lohit District and Dibang Valley District. The District headquarters of the Lohit District is at Tezu.
The ancient history of the individual Lohit District is not concreated due to paucity of historical evidence, literary or material, yet the lower belt of the district is the base for evidence for existence of the ruins of ancient settlement, buildings, shrines and temples. The Parasuram Kund,Tamreswari temple,Sivalinga site and the city of king Bhismak situated in this region are also mentioned in the Puranic and tantric literatures.
The scenic beauties of the district are splendid, Tezu Township alone attracts visitors for its set up. There are different tribes in the district. Their traditional dances, games and sports can be enjoyed in festive occasion. Elephant raiding, angling, rafting, hitchhiking, mountaineering etc. are the entertainment scopes available in the district.
PARASURAM KUNDA: a place of pilgrimage is situated in the lower reaches of the river Lohit at about 24 Kms. to the North-east (27 degree 51' IV and 96 degree 23'E) of Tezu. The other name of the Kunda is 'Prabhu Kuthar', the origin of the 'Kunda' viz. Parasuram Kunda is associated with Parasuram's matricide. The history goes in brief that one day Renuka, mother of Parasuram went to Ganga for having bath and bringing water by delay in bringing water made the Rishi Jamadagni, the husband of Renuka very angry as it was already getting late for the mid day worship. He asked the sons to kill her. None of his six sons except Parasuram could oblige. Parasuram chopped off the head of his mother indeference to the wishes of his father, but as a result of crime handle with his axe got struck to his hand. Jamadagni was very pleased with him for carrying out his order and asked Parasuram to have for boon.
Parasuram pray He asked the sons to kill her. None of his six sons ed for bringing his mother back to life, then enquired as to how to get rid of the crime of matricide. Jamadagni granted itand his mother got her life back and told Parasuram to visit " Brahma Kund" to wash off the sin. Parasuram came to the Brahma Kund, in Lohit District of Arunachal Pradesh for holy dip in the kunda. Religious people, saints come to this kund on Makarsakranti which falls on the 14th January every year. The Govt. of Arunachal Pradesh extend all possible arrangement/help to those pilgrimage.
BUDDHA-VIHAR: There are several Buddha-Vihar locally called CHONG in the Khamtis area. The CHONG of Namsai,Sub.Division and Mon-mau, near the junction of Wakro-Tezu road is big and attractive. The world Peace Pagoda located in a river island at Chongkham is ideal for meditation in front of Buddha statues that surrounds in inner core of the vihar. The Khamti Raja's Chong at Guna Nagar at Chongkham is famouse for relics of Gautama Buddha. All the CHONGs and statues of Lord Buddha are made in the Thai-architectural style. There is no ban to visit these CHONGs.
DONG: is a small hamlet in the eastern most part of India had the privilege to have first sunrise of the millennium in India. It is located near Walong circle at distance of about 200 Km from Tezu connected with all weather roads. The spectacular view of snow-capped mountains and blue pine forest is worth watching besides having glimpse of first sunray.
GLOW LAKE: is located in Wakro circle. It is a beautiful spot with background of snow clad mountains and rich flora and fauna in and around the lake. It covers an area of about 8 Sq.Kms. at a height of about 5000' above sea level. The nearest road point is near Twam village on Chongkham-Wakro road from where one has to start trekking for the lake. Owing to absence of proper road, it becomes an adventure trips to the lake.
HOT SPRING: There are hot springs near Kibithoo circle as well as Walong circle. Visitors prefer to have a hot bath at the hot springs near Walong owing to easy communication. It is located at a distance of about 5 kms. from Walong.
BHISMAK NAGAR: A city of Bhismak Nagar, according to the Mahabharata and popular tradition, was established by a king named Bhismak. The story of Bhismak narrates how Shri. Krishna married Rukmini against the wishes of her father Bhismak. The ruin of the historical Bhismak Nagar is located at a distance of about 40 Kms. from Tezu near Sunpura circle.
HAWA CAMP: It is located at a distance of 33 Km. from Tezu towards Hayuliang. One can have panoramic eye-view of the magnificent Lohit Valley and sunrise and sun set view from this spot. An ideal picnic spot.