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Panipat District

Panipat is a district in the state of Haryana.

Panipat district is one of the districts of the state of Haryana. Panipat was the part of District Karnal till 31 October,1989,which was upgraded as a separate District, including Assandh Tehsil of district Karnal. When the District was reformed on 01 January,1992 Assandh Tehsil was excluded from this District. Panipat city is situated on Shershah Suri Marg 90 KM from Delhi. The three sides of this district touches other district of Haryana Viz. Karnal in North, Jind in West and Sonipat in South and in East touches with Uttar Pradesh accross Yamuna.

Panipat city is famous in India by the name of "City of Weaver". Panipat District has significant place in International Market for "Handloom Production". Darri, Carpet Mat, Table Cover, Bed sheet, Bed Cover, Curtain etc. are export to Canada, Japan, Germany & Australia.

In addition to the above Panipat city is the biggest centre of "Shoddy Yarn" in the World. Blankets prepared through Handloom and Power loom are sent to soldier. The sub division Samalkha of this district is famous for Foundry of Agriculture instruments. In this way, this district, which is continously developing on the base of industry, has unlimited employmentness. Not only from Haryana but Businessman, Engineer, unemployed worker artist Weavers and labour from other state of India visits here in search of employment and settled here permanently.

HISTORY

It is said that, at the time of battle of MAHABHARAT, the five villages which were demanded by the PANDAVAS from DURYODHANA, "PANPAT" was also one of those, Later on which was Converted in the name of PANIPAT.

Panipat was the scene of three pivotal battles in Indian history.

The First battle of Panipat was fought in 1526 between Sultan Ibrahim Lodi and Zaheeruddin Babur. The fight was won by twelve thousand soldiers of Babur over one lakh soldiers of Lodhi because of cannons and better organization of force. Babur laid the foundation of Mughal Empire in India.

The Second battle of Panipat was fought in 1556 between Hemu and Akbar. Hemu fell unconscious when an arrow hit his eye and his army ran away. He was beheaded by Akbar.

The Third battle of Panipat was between Ahmad Shah Abdali and Marathas under Sadashivraobhau, the cousin of Peshwa Nanasaheb, who were protecting the Mughal emperor Shah Alam II. This battle marked the beginning of fall of Mughals and rise of British in India.

PLACES OF INTEREST

PANIPAT MUSEUM: Panipat Museum has been especially established for dissminating information about archaeology, history, art and crafts of Haryana with special emphasis on the Battles of Panipat which marked the turning point in Indian history, The display of antiquities, inscription, sculptures, arms and armours, Pottery, old and valuable documents, jewellery and art and craft objects, have been augumented by maps, writeups photographs and translides, etc.

Panipat: The roots of the town of Panipat a District Headquarter 34 kilomerters south of Karnal on Sher Shah Suri Marg - goes to antiquity. Excavations of the Panipat Grey Ware a district Kind of pottery at Panipat has revealed the existence of early Aryan settlements at the place. Panipat was one of the five disputed "Prasthas" during the Mahabharata War.

The old fort is in shambles today. The walled city of Panipat, which has 15 gates gently from all sites towards the fort. The Mughals Babar onwards had always had a soft cornor for the city. Under the Patronage of the Muslim rulers, Panipat emerged as a centre of Sufi saints, Muslim scholars, the ologians and Mughal aries. Most of the Historical Building in date neck to their reign.

Grave of Ibrahim Lodhi: The tomb is situated near a Tehsil Offcie at Panipat. Ibrahim Lodhi fought fiercely with his uncle Babur, in the battle known to us today as the "First Battle of Panipat" and was slained and burried at this place. It was one of Sher Shah Suriís dying regret that he could never fulfil his intention of erecting a tomb to the fallem monarch. Much later, the British erected a plain plateform over the place, with ashort Urdu Inspriction on it.

Kabuli Bagh: The garden of Kabuli Bagh along with a mosque and a tank was built by Babur after the First battle to commemorate his victory over Ibrahim Lodhi. Some years later when Humayun defeated Salem Shah near Panipat, he added a masonary Platform to it and called it ĎChabutra" Fateh Mubarak, bearing the inspription 934 Hijri (A.D.1557).These building and the garden still exist under the name of Kabuli Bagh called so after Baburís wife Ė Mussammat Kabuli begum.

DEVI TEMPLE: A temple dedicated to local deity exists on the bank of a large tank. A Shiva temple believed to have been built by Maratha named Mangal Raghunath who had remained in Panipat after the battle, also exists besides it.

KALA AMB: According to the tradition, the site 8 Kilometers from Panipat and 42 Kilometers from Karnal, where Sadashiv Rao Bhau commanded his maratha forces during the third battle of Panipat was marked, by a black Mango Tree (Kala Amb) which has since disappeared. The dark colour of its foliage was probably the origin of the name. The site has a brick Piller with an iron rod and the structure is surrounded by an iron fence.

Salar Gunj Gate: This gate is situated in the middle of Panipat city historical importance to Nawab Salar Juge, The gate still denoting its archacological interest .

Tomb of Bu-Ali Shah Kalandar: Seven hundared years old this tomb is known as Dargah of Shah Kalandar Khizar Khan son of allau-din Khilji who got this tomb constructed. Bu-Ali-Shah kalander was born in 1190 A.D. His fatherís name was Salar Fakirudin.

There are tombs of Hakim Mukaram Khan and Khawaja Altaf Hussain Hali in the premises of this tomb. Hali was a great Urdu poet. A large number of people from all walks of life, Hindu, Muslims, Sikh and Christians visit the tomb of Shah Kalandar and offer prayers here on every Thursday.

SHRI RAM SHARNAM, PANIPAT : Shri Ram Sharnam stands as an emblem of supreme devotion to Shri Ram and Selfless service of humanity in the war : ravaged historical city of Panipat.