Dadra and Nagar Haveli is a state/Union Territory of India.
Dadra and Nagar Haveli is a Union Territory in western India. Nagar Haveli is situated between Maharashtra and Gujarat and Dadra is an enclave lying a few km north of Nagar Haveli in Gujarat. Its capital is Silvassa. Dadra and Nagar Haveli are in the watershed of the Daman Ganga River, which flows through the territory. The towns of Dadra and Silvassa both lie on the north bank of the river. This territory covers an area of 188 sq mi or 487 sq km and consists of two talukas: 1) Dadra and 2) Nagar Haveli. Dadra is the headquarters of Dadra taluka, comprising Dadra town and two other villages. Silvassa is the headquarters of Nagar Haveli taluka, comprising Silvassa town and 68 other villages. 40% of the total geographical area is covered with forests. The U.T. has population of 2.20 lakhs as per the 2001 census which has predominance of tribals forming a major chunk of 62% of the total population. The major tribes are Varlies, Kokana, Dhodia and Dublas.
The Marathas made friends with the Portuguese and signed with them a treaty in 1779 in order to keep the English at bay and to stay against the Moghals. According to this treaty, the Maratha-Peshwa agreed that the Portuguese will be allowed to collect revenues from Dadra and Nagar Haveli which consisted of 72 villages, then known as parganas. These territories were earlier ruled by the Koli chiefs who were defeated by the Hindu kings of Jawhar and Ramnagar. The Marathas conquered and annexed these territories to their kingdom. It was liberated from Portuguese Rulers by people themselves on 2nd August 1954 . The people of the U.T. established free Administration of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, which was finally merged in to Union of India in the year 1961.
The major spoken language in the territory is Gujarati. Manufacturing is the main economy here as the taxes are low and there is no excise. The territory is run by a Lieutenant Governor.
The nearest Railway station is Vapi on Western Railway.All major Mail/Express trains are available at Vapi. The UT of Dadra & Nagar Haveli is almost touching Mumbai - Baroda - Delhi National Highway No8 (Western Express Highway). Silvassa is about 14 Kms from Bhilad & 18 Kms from Vapi. Mumbai 180 Kms, Surat 140 Kms, Nasik 140 Kms and Daman 30 Kms.