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Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh is a state/Union Territory of India.

Chhattisgarh is a state in central India. It was formed when the 16 Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained separate statehood on November 1, 2000. Raipur is the biggest city and the capital of Chhattisgarh. 12% of India's forests are in Chhattisgarh, and 44% of the State's land is under forests.

One third of Chhattisgarh's population is of tribes, mostly in the thickly forested areas in the North and South. The central plains of Chhattisgarh are known as the Rice Bowl of Central India. Bastar is known the world over for its unique and distinctive tribal heritage. The Bastar Dassera is the traditional celebration of the gaiety of our tribals.

The City of Bhilai with its modern and cosmopolitan lifestyle is just 30 km from Raipur, the State capital. A new world-class capital city is to come up near Raipur's airport. Raipur is at the centre of the rail and road routes between Mumbai and Kolkata, and is well connected to Delhi and Chennai.

The State is full of ancient monuments, rare wildlife, exquisitely carved temples, Buddhist sites, palaces, water falls, caves, rock paintings and hill plateaus. Chhattisgarh‚s 3 National Parks and 11 Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks are a major attraction. Rajim, Champaranya, Dongargarh, Sheorinarayan, Girodhpuri, Dantewada, Ratanpur, Sirpur and others are prime destinations for pilgrim tourism.

According to a mythological legend, Ram, during his Vanvas stayed in Dakshin Kosala. Which is modern day Chhattisgarh. The unbroken history of Chhattisgarh or of South Kosala can be traced back to fourth century AD and its mythological history goes back as far back as the Mahabarata and the Ramayana. Even during the reign of the Mughals, it was called Ratanpur territory and not Chhattisgarh. The word Chhattisgarh was popularized during the Maratha period and was first used in an official document in 1795.