Guntur is a district in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
Guntur district has the boundaries as Krishna district and Bay of Bengal in the East, Prakasam district in the South, Mahabubnagar district in the West and Krishna and Nalgonda districts in the North directions.
Rivers: Krishna, Chandravanka, Naagileru, GundlaKamma.
Major Places: Guntur, Bapatla, Tenali, Narasaraopeta and Ponnur.
Tourist Places: Stupas at Amaravati, Bhattiprolu, and Kesanapally, Undavalli caves, Ettipothla Water falls, Nagarjunakonda, Bapatla beach, Amaravathi museum Lam, Nagarjunasagar - srisailam Sanctuary, NTR Manasa Sarovar, and Kondavidu Fort
Pilgrimage Centers: Mangalagiri Panakala Swamy Temple, Kotappakonda Temple, Sri Anjaneya Swamy Temple at Ponnuru, Sri Laxmi Chennakesava Swamy Temple at Macherla, temples at Amaravati, Tenali, Hinkar Thirtha Jain temple and Phirangipuram Mary Matha Church.
Handicrafts: Durgistone craft.
Industries: Tobacco, Handloom, Silk, Sangam Dairy, Cement Factories at Thadepalli and Macherla, Andhra Fertilizers and Jute mill at Guntur.
Guntur district was under the rule of the Mauryas, Ikshvakus, Anandagotrins, Vishnukandins, Eastern Chalukyas, Velananti Cholas, Kakatiyas, Reddys, Gajapatis, Vijayanagaras Qutub Shalin and the British Sathavahana. World famous Nagarjuna Hill is in this district. Historically Famous Palnadu War and first and foremost Tax non co-operation Movement in 1921 were the happenings in this district. The Forest in these Lands doesn't yield much of the Timber, but some Household Commodities are produced in the forests. Social Forestry drive has been set in the district growing forests on large scales. Chief water source for the farming lands are from the Nagarjuna Sagar Right bank, and from the Buckingham Canal of the Krishna Barrage. A stone dam constructed across Naguleru river at Dachepalli irrigates about 350 acres of land.
Agriculture is the principle occupation of people of this district. Paddy is cultivated twice a year. The Agricultural income of the district is Rs.200 crores, contributing to the extent of 1/16th of the agricultural income of the State. A Research center was established in Laam near Guntur for the development of super quality seeds. The Electricity is supplied to this district mainly through Nagarjuna Sagar Project and Machkand Project. Dramas like Satya Harishchandra, Chintamani, Ramanjaneya yuddham and Sri Krishnarjuna yuddham are very popular in this district and people are very fond of these plays. Copper, Iron ore, Silica, and the Ores used in Cement Manufacturing are the Minerals available in these lands. Sangam dairy at Vadlamudi near Tenali is a major dairy farm. Handloom Industry at Mangalagiri, major Cement factories like Associated Cement Company and KCP Ltd. and Slab polishing Factories at Macherla are the Major Industries set in this District. Nagarjuna University, A.C.College, Hindu College at Guntur and Agricultural College at Bapatla are the focal points for the students, besides Engineering Colleges.
Accessibility: Guntur is an important railway junction of the South. It is well connected by road.
PLACES TO VISIT
There are many tourist spots in the district. Prominent among them are Nagarjuna Sagar project, Nagarjuna Konda, the temples in Mangalagiri, Amaravathi, Ponnur, Pedakakani, Govada near Tenali, Kotappakonda near Narasaraopet and Satrasala in erstwhile Palanadu Taluk.
The Undavalli caves near Mangalagiri and the Kondaveedu fort near Phirangipuram, the water falls at Ethipotala near Macherla and Guttikondabilam in the erstwhile Planadu taluk are also of historic prominence.
The Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the World's highest Masonary gravity dam having World's largest discharging capacity of 20,000 Cu. Secs. (409 Feet maximum height ) across the river Krishna situated at about 130 K.M.s from the Prakasam Barrage with a lake capacity of 31.05 million acre. The State Government is taking steps to develop Nagarjuna Sagar as a place of tourist attraction on the lines of Brindavan and Botanical gardens. This place has acquired special historic importance, by virtue of the association of Sri Nagarjuna, the great Acharya and learned scholar of the historic days, and the museum exhibiting the historic relics depicting the greatness of those days.
Amaravathi is situated at 35 K.Ms. the North-west of Guntur on the banks of river Krishna. It has many tourist facilities and commands a vast stream of piligrims through out the year. A large congregationof pilgrims will assemble on' MAHASIVARATHRIDAY'to worship Lord Siva (Amareswara 15' height ) and is one among the famous Shrines of the Lord. There is a world famous Buddhist stupa depicting sceneries from the life of Buddha, inscribing there in various Buddhistic anecdotes symbols etc., in Pali script in addition to well organised museum.
Kotappa Konda hamlet of Kondakavuru is situated about 13 K.Ms. south-west of Narasaraopet town. The Presiding Diety of this place is Trikoteswara Swamy situated on the hillock and is one of the noted pililgrim centers attracting thousands of visitors on Sivarathri day. The State Government has taken steps to develop Kotappa Konda as a tourist and piligrim center by creating more facilities and a ghat-road.
Mangalagiri is situated on the Vijayawada-Chennai National Highway at about 10 K.M . from Vijayawada and is famous from the pre-historic times. Mangalagiri is a hill of bliss by virtue of the location of the famous temple of Lore Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy. The Lord is popular for his consumption of ½ of the quantity of jaggery water offered by the devotees leaving the remaining half as Prasada and that not even a single drop is found around, which is conspicuous. As such the Lord is otherwise popularily known as Panakala Narasimha Swamy or Panakala Swamy.
Ponnur is located at a distance of 29 K.Ms. from Guntur on the Guntur-Chirala state high way and it is famous for its Bhavanarayana Swamy temple, attracting large number of devotees. Among the other temples, Sri Anjaneya Swamy temple and that of Garutmanta are noted for the giant size (about 30' in height ) and rare statues of the deities.