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Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a state/Union Territory of India.

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a Union Territory of India. It is a group of islands in the Bay of Bengal. The capital city of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is Port Blair. The population of this territory is 379,944 (per 2011 Census). There are 394 islands in the territory with a total area of 8,249 km2 (3,185 sq mi). Port Blair, the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, is 120 miles from Cape Negrais in Burma, 780 from Calcutta and 749 from Madras.

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are situated between 920 to 940 East longitudes and 60 to 140 North latitudes. Middle Andaman Island is the biggest island.

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands were constituted into a Union Territory in November 1956. There are two districts in this union territory. They are Andaman district and Nicobar district. There are four sub divisions, seven tehsils, one Lok Sabha seat, one municipal council, 18 municipal wards, 67 panchayats, 15 police stations, seven panchayat samitis, one Zilla Parishad, 204 revenue villages, 547 census villages, 504 inhabited villages, 43 uninhabited villages, and 36 inhabited islands.

The Andaman & Nicobar Islands were inhabited by the Negritos and the Mongoloids for centuries. These islands remained isolated from the mainland till the end of the 18th Century when people from the outside world first arrived.

The topography of the islands is hilly and the forest cover is more than 92% of the territory. About 50 % of the forests are Tribal Reserves, National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries. Mangroves occupy nearly 11.5% of the territory. More than 150 plant and animals species are endemic to this islands.

Cellular Jail is located in Port Blair. The Jail was completed in the year 1906 and it is named cellular because it is entirely made up of individual cells for the solitary confinement of the prisoners. It had originally seven pronged, puce colored building with a central tower acting as its fulcrum and a massive structure comprising honey-comb like corridors. The building was subsequently damaged and presently only three out of seven prongs are intact. The jail has been declared a National Memorial.